I had multiple issues in getting a clean setup for composer.
WARNING: Module json ini file doesn't exist under /etc/php/7.2/mods-available
Moodle requires the json PHP extension. Please install or enable the json extension.
And many more.
In order to get a clean set-up. I fully uninstalled php and apache2 . The purge command is the trick here as it also removed configuration files.
Please pay attention in your environment. This means all your apache and php configuration is gone afterwards. If you want to keep it make backups of the most important files like php.ini and apache2.conf
Afterwards execute the following commands.
sudo apt purge php* sudo apt purge apache2* sudo apt install apache2 sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');" sudo php composer-setup.php --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer